Skip to Main Content



Title of container(s)
MLA now referes to CONTAINERS as a core element.  These are the larger units in which the source is "contained."   In some cases, there may also be a SECOND container.

Kincaid, Jamaica. "Girl." The Vintage Book of Contemporary American Short Stories, edited by Tobias Wolff, Vintage, 1994, pp. 306-07.

In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.  You may retrieved an article from a journal using a library database.  You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix

Langhamer, Claire. “Love and Courtship in Mid-Twentieth-Century England.” Historical Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, 2007, pp. 173-96. ProQuest, doi:10.1017/S0018246X06005966. 

94 Meetings.” Parks and Recreation, season 2, episode 21, NBC, 29 Apr. 2010. Netflix,

The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes.

“94 Meetings.” Parks and Recreation, created by Greg Daniels and Michael Schur, performance by Amy Poehler, season 2, episode 21, Deedle-Dee Productions and Universal Media Studios, 2010.

A Web Site can also be a container and contains articles, postings, and other works.

Zinkievich, Craig. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. Skewed & Reviewed, 27 Apr. 2009, 


Examples on this page are from: Utica College

Title of Container

!st & 2nd Containers